Tuesday, October 25, 2011

boxer rebellion

  • Question:-Boxer Rebellion?
    What were the causes and results of the Boxer Rebellion? I would like enough information to fill two pharagraphs. List any good websites that have relevant information. THANKS!

    Answer:-I just wrote a paper regarding this topic. There are some historians that attribute the BR to decades of European imperialism; however, this was truly only one aspect of the causes of the BR. A number of historians (including William Duiker and Paul Cohen) identify the main cause as bad weather conditions.

    Duiker indicates that central and north China (the BR began in the north) were particularly hard hit by unfavorable weather conditions. Since 1898, bad weather and floods throughout the Yangtse Valley destroyed the grain harvest and made millions homeless. The Yellow River had burst its banks every year since 1896 and several provinces experienced a severe drought in the spring of 1900. These events led to famine. Famine combined with the Western imperialism led to the BR. Duiker and Cohen both believe that the famine was the greater cause.

    Duiker made the point that bad weather conditions in China have historically led to revolts against the established order and 1900 was no exception.

    In fact, the Chinese, who were very superstitious (at the time), believed that foreigners were to blame for the weather conditions and were to be killed as a result. They thought that the building of railroads and telegraph lines disrupted the spirits of the dead that were buried underground.

    I hope this helps.
  • Question:-boxer rebellion?
    who started the boxer rebellion and why

    Answer:-To be short;

    The Chinese Court was fed up with American and European encroachments on their Empire. The Americans and, especially, the British wanted to carve up China.

    The Chinese court was not strong enough to take on the aggressors militarily, but the population did so. The "foreign" powers slaughtered them.
  • Question:-Boxer rebellion?
    Was there a leader of the boxer rebellion, I need a name...

    Answer:-Empress Dowager Cixi, and Society of Right and Harmonious Fists , Boxers/ martial arts students, resurgent Chinese nationalism
  • Question:-What events lead up to the boxer rebellion?
    I'm doing my world history homework and the question is "What events led up to the boxer rebellion?" Does anyone know some events that led up to the Boxer Rebellion? Anything would help!

    Answer:-There was no single incident, or series of incidents, that sparked the Boxer rebellion.

    Anti-foreign elements in the Chinese government were angered by the presence of foreigners in general and the territorial and trade concessions they steadily extracted from a China seemingly helpless to prevent them.They incited a fanatical anti foreign secret organization - The Society of Righteous Harmonious Fists (hence the name 'Boxer)' - into violence and depredations against Christian missionaries and Chinese converts to Christianity. Despite protests from Western diplomats,the Dowager Empress claimed she was powerless to do anything (she was in fact encouraging the Boxers). Drawing confidence from their early successes and from the wider Chinese population, and with foreign troops on the way to Peking to guard the diplomatic legations area, the Boxers broke into full revolt on 20 June 1900 when they attempted to storm the Legation area with the aim of massacring all the foreigners there. At the same time, the Dowager empress committed troops of the Imperial Chinese army to stop the relief expedition on its way to Peking.

    So it was dislike for foreigners and their increasing influence in China that lead to the Boxer rebellion, rather than a specific incident or series of incidents.
  • Question:-What were the goals of the boxer rebellion?
    Can anyone list the goals of the Chinese boxer rebellion in 1900s? Specific goals, list them please. Thanks!

    Answer:-Main goal was to drive the Europeans out of China, and maintain Chinese influence from European power. Another aim was to strengthen Chinese government by trying to overthrow declining Chinese dynasty. Although numerous Chinese revolt worked initially, the European powers regrouped and organized into effective war machine that hunted down the rebels.
  • Question:-What territorial gains did Japan gain from the Boxer Rebellion and the Russo-Japanese War?
    What territories were gained by Japan in the Boxer Rebellion and the Russo-Japanese Wars?

    If Russia had won, Korea would have been a colony of Russia.
  • Question:-Question about the events of the Boxer Rebellion?
    Hi i want to know the key events in the Boxer Rebellion.

    I have the Taiyuan Massacre and the Siege of the Boxer Rebellion. Is there anything else?

    Answer:-There is a lot of anti-British ignorance about the Boxer rebellion. For a start, the Americans were the first to open up proper trade along the China coast, and to establish a military presence of any size. Also, the British East Indian Company had ceased to exist in 1857 and took no part in any aspect of the rebellion.

    Altogether, there were eight foreign legations located within Peking:
    Empire of Japan
    Russian Empire
    United Kingdom
    United States
    German Empire
    Austro-Hungarian Empire.

    The uprising took place in response to imperialist expansion involving European opium traders, political invasion, economic manipulation, and missionary evangelism. The foreign powers all tried to control the prices of imported goods (to be high) and exported goods (to be low), for their own financial benefit. The Christian missionary influence was a very important aspect of the bad feeling of the Boxers. They objected to missionaries telling them and the Chinese people that they were going to Hell unless they changed their religion. Chinese religion had a history at least twice as long as Christianity and they regarded the missionaries as agents of the traders and bankers.

    The immoral and indefensible aspect of the foreign occupation of Chinese territory centres on the opium trade. For hundreds of years, Chinese people had made and imported opium but Europeans and Russians insisted that all opium be bought only from their traders. When the Emperor's advisors tried to stop the trade on three occasions throughout the 19th century, the British occupied various Chinese ports and destroyed all opium stocks except those imported through British traders. As a result there were two Opium Wars in 1839 and 1856, and it also contributed to the Taiping Rebellion (1850–1864), the finally the Boxer Rebellion (1899–1901). The failure of all these Chinese attempts to control their own public policy resulted in the downfall of the Qing Dynasty in 1912, putting an end to dynastic China for ever.

    Apart from the Taiyuan Massacre and the Siege of the Peking Legations, there were minor Boxer attacks on the German concession at Qingdao, and on the British Crown Colony at Hong Kong. The first was "approved" by the Empress, but not the second because there was a longstanding treaty and concession on Hong Kong and she believed it was in China's interest for the UK to maintain its military bases there.

    As a matter of interest, the USA normally claims credit for putting down the Boxer Rebellion but in fact it was a dual contingent of Russian artillery and British infantry that finally relieved Peking. After the Boxer surrender, the foreign forces plunged into a massacre. There were thousands of instances of murder, rape and looting. What is presented in the Hollywood version as a glorious victory, in reality became a disgraceful display of foreign hatred and anti-Chinese bestiality. It has not been forgotten.

    I hope this is useful.
  • Question:-What other famous missionaries other than Hudson Taylor suffered during the Boxer Rebellion?
    I know about Hudson Taylor, but what about the others? What other missionaries can I do my research on concerning the Boxer Rebellion? Also if you know of any helpful website links, letters, newspaper articles etc. about what it was like to be a missionary there, and how they suffered, that information is welcomed!

    Answer:-Lottie Moon was a Southern Baptist missionary who was there during the Boxer Rebellion.
  • Question:-What were some long-term effects of the Boxer Rebellion on China?
    I need to know if modern China was changed in any way by the Boxer Rebellion. Would China be different today without it happening? Is there any evidence of it still apparent in China today? You don't have to answer each individually. Those are just guide questions.

    Answer:-It weakened the position of the imperial family by its failure and perhaps assisted their demise. It concentrated distrust and hatred of foreigners but left China more open and exposed to their influence and perhaps made China realise it was no match for the outside world and needed to modernise.
  • Question:-Should America send troops to China during the Boxer Rebellion?
    I'm trying to write this paper and I have NO idea what side to pick! If America should send troops or shouldn't they. The Boxer Rebellion took place during the 1900's and my teacher wants to know our opinions on what America should have done. HELP!

    Answer:-Watch the movie 55 Days at Peking.

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