Monday, November 21, 2011


  • Question:-How many polio vaccines are produce worldwide and who produces them?
    Can someone tell me how many polio vaccines (IPV) are produce worldwide and who produces them? A breakdown by company would be ideal.

    Answer:-2 out of 3 vaccines in the world are produced in India by the Serum Institute of India. However, I am not up to breaking them down into groups for 2 points for you.
  • Question:-How is Polio transmitted and how does it travel throughout the body?
    I'm writing a paper on polio and i keep getting mixed results on this question. Can anyone help me out?

    Answer:-Its a virus thats transmitted person to person by the fecal-oral route. The second part of the question has a longer answer. See link.. it'll answer all your questions
  • Question:-Why is Polio drops immunization administered in a wave/collectively in a geographic region?
    Polio immunization drives are coordinated across the whole city/state - is there a medical reason to it? Or is it just for convenience/logistic reasons?

    Answer:-It is to get as many people immunized with the fewest resources, especially when done in developing countries with low rates of immunization and limited resources.
  • Question:-How do I find primary sources about the polio vaccine and anything else that relates to it?
    Need to find some primary info about how the polio vaccine had an impact and change on the world. Since a lot of people around that time are dead, I haven't been very successful with an interview. Also, is a secondary source with primary pictures considered a primary source?

    Answer:-i would try finding a newspaper article or something from the time period. you can check in a library or on possibly on the web. a diary with that info in it, a scientific journal from the time are also ways. this might be hard to find though. good luck
  • Question:-How many organisms does polio affect and what are they?
    Does polio affect just humans and rarely affect animals? Or what other organisms does it affect?

    Answer:-just humans
  • Question:-How many cases of Polio have been confirmed since 1955?
    I'm doing an assignment and I'm having some trouble finding information. I'm looking for the number of confirmed cases of Polio in the regions of Africa, South East Asia, Europe, Western Pacific Region, East Mediterranean region, and the Americas. I found one site that only goes back to 1996 but I'm hoping to get a little more info then that. If possible I was also looking for approximate # of vaccines given in each region yearly. This assignment is due soon and I'm getting frustrated! Any help would be appreciated!

    Answer:-Tons of info here that can help you get great data from.

    [1] Notifiable Diseases and Mortality Tables
    December 3, 2010 / 59(47);1558-1571

    [2] Outbreaks Following Wild Poliovirus Importations --- Europe, Africa, and Asia, January 2009--September 2010

    [3] Progress Toward Poliomyelitis Eradication --- Nigeria, January 2009--June 2010

    [4] Vaccine Policy Changes and Epidemiology of Poliomyelitis in the United States
    JAMA. 2004;292(14):1696-1701.
  • Question:-Did the socialist conspiracy to take over the US start with the polio vaccine?
    It looks like some patriots back in the day correctly believed that the polio vaccine and other public health programs turned our country into the communist cesspool that it is today.

    Why do socialists think they can control our children through the vaccinations that they give them?

    Stop using our children as pawns, liberals!

    Answer:-We started on the path to Socialism when we instituted the eight hour day and time and a half for overtime. Protecting our children from fatal diseases came much later.
  • Question:-What causes nausea sore throat, fever and muscle weakness in polio?
    I'm writing a paper about polio. I know that in type I polio, symptoms include sore throat, nausea, fever, and abdominal pain. what I really need to know is WHY these symptoms occur when you have polio.
    also, what causes vomiting when you have polio?

    Answer:-"Poliovirus can survive and multiply within the blood and lymphatics for long periods of time, sometimes as long as 17 weeks. In a small percentage of cases, it can spread and replicate in other sites such as brown fat, the reticuloendothelial tissues, and muscle. This sustained replication causes a major viremia, and leads to the development of minor influenza-like symptoms. "
  • Question:-what is the movie about the polio vaccine and monkeys causing aids in africa?
    a film similar to the constant gardner came out a few years ago about using live monkey cells to make a polio vaccine that may have caused the spread of aids, especially in congo, africa. Can't remember the title, does someone else know?

    Answer:-The polio vaccine, AIDS, and their US-made viruses

    The polio vaccine, AIDS, and their US-made viruses
    By Jerry Mazza
    Online Journal Associate Editor
    Jan 11, 2008

    When I was a teenager growing up in Brooklyn, my parents warned me every summer to stay away from public pools or taking any chances running under opened fire hydrants to cools us from the brick-and-tar baking heat. Their fear was the epidemic of polio that haunted the US -- 52,000 cases in 1952 alone. My parents worried that polio “germs” could be carried in the highly used and abused public waters.

    Yet in April 1955, in my 17th year, lo and behold Dr. Jonas Salk, a funny looking guy from Pittsburgh, announced from the University of Michigan that he had developed a polio vaccine for distribution. Eureka. Thousands of families like mine flooded to the local doctors, clinics, and hospitals. It seemed all those rosaries my friends’ mothers and mine gave up to the Holy Mother paid off. But did they?

    As William Carlsen reports in his SFGATE article “Rogue virus in the vaccine:” Salk’s vaccine was produced by actually growing live polio virus on kidney tissue from the Asian rhesus monkey. The virus was then killed with formaldehyde. Thus, when the vaccine was injected in humans, the dead virus generated antibodies that could fend off live polio. What a simple, beautiful idea. Or so it seemed.

    What the millions of people who were injected didn’t know, nor would they until 1959, when Bernice Eddy, looking in her microscope at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), found that monkey kidney cells, the very same kind used to make the vaccine, were dying with no known cause. So she experimented.

    She prepared extracts from kidneys from eight to 10 rhesus monkeys. She then injected tiny amounts beneath the skin of 23 newborn hamsters. In nine months, “large, malignant, subcutaneous tumors” showed up on 20 of the animals -- and the world shook. Or did it?

    Eddy tried to spread the word

    Horrified that a monkey virus could be contaminating the famous polio vaccine, on July 6, 1960, Eddy shared her findings with Dr. Joseph Smadel, chief of NIH’s biologics division, who summarily dismissed the tumors as harmless “lumps.” Meanwhile at a Pennsylvania Merck lab, Dr. Maurice Hilleman and Dr. Ben Sweet isolated the virus. They named it Simian Virus 40 or SV40 for being the 40th virus found in rhesus kidney tissue. So much for miracle drugs.

    Nevertheless, by then we seemed to be winning the polio war. Sixty percent of the population, some 98 million Americans, had gotten at least one shot of the Salk vaccine and the number of cases was diving downwards.

    Concurrently, an oral polio vaccine developed by virologist Albert Sabin was in its final trials in Russia and Eastern Europe. Tens of millions of people had been given it, and it was ready to be licensed in the US. Its big difference was that unlike the Salk vaccine, Sabin’s version contained a live but weakened form of polio virus that “promised” lifelong immunity.
  • Question:-How many people are infected with polio each year?
    I really need help on a school project about polio! And no, i dont just want a link to another site...

    Answer:-Fewer then 2,000 in 2006.

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